The results of the tests of Nafen™ modified materials that were performed in-house and by industrial partners, confirmed 20-50% improvements in mechanical properties of end products. These results support our expectations on project impact that were stated in DoA. In addition to the reported results the price comparisons of Nafen™ – much less than Euro 1 per gr – and other nanomaterials – Euro 1 to Euro 10 per gr – gives Nafen™ unmatched potential for market adoption.
Aerospace Nafen™ modified bonding agents which are widely used in laminated composites (based on carbon and glass fibers) demonstrate enhancements of main mechanical properties by 30-45%, which could result in a decrease of up to 20% in the weight of finished goods made of composite material. This means that a new generation aircraft (e.g. A350XWB or Boeing 787), which consists of 50%+ of composite materials by weight would be able to reduce its total weight by up to 10%. For example, the Airbus A340 having a maximum weight of 275,000kg and typical empty weight of 129,000kg uses 9.275kg of fuel for every kilometer. If we apply a 10% reduction in empty weight, the aircraft would consume 8.840kg of fuel for every kilometer. Eventually, it could result in additional savings of 4.35 tons of fuel per 10 000 km of flight.
Automotive An average vehicle consists of at least 130 kg of plastics and composites (American Composites Manufacturers). Based on mechanical property improvements in composites and plastics with Nafen™ modifications, we might expect a 10% weight reduction resulting in 13kg weight savings per vehicle. This will result in a 1.04% average vehicle weight decrease, which is equivalent to 1 gr of CO2/km emission reduction.
OECD in its Environmental Outlook (2001) expects a substantial increase in transport activity by 2020. This indicator measured in motor vehicle kilometers traveled (VKT) will reach 20,000 billion VKT worldwide, including 5,000 billion VKT in Europe. Wide adoption of Nafen™ enhanced polymers could lead to Carbon dioxide emission reduction by 20mn tons/year worldwide, including 5mn tons/year in Europe.
Small things making a big difference
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 685213